Chillianwala is a town in province Punjab of Pakistan. It is also a union council of Mandi Bahauddin District in the Punjab. It is located at Latitude of 32°39’0N and Longitude of 73°36’0E. It is also located at an altitude of 218 meters and lies in the north-east side of the district capital Mandi Bahauddin. This city is about 200 km from Islamabad. It is famous for being the location of the Battle of Chillianwala that took place in 1849 between the forces of the Sikh Khalsa army and the British Army.
This small and famous village in District Mandi-Bahauddin, located at a distance of approximately 13 kilometers from Mandi-Bahauddin city, was the scene of a famous and rather bloody battle in January 1849 between the advancing British army and the Sikhs who ruled over Punjab in those days. Chillianwala railway station is one part of Chillianwala and is very famous.
Chillianwala was the scene of the one of the biggest battles ever fought by Europeans on the Indian Subcontinent. It was a battle which pitted the British East India Company against powerful Sikh adversaries during the Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49) and which resulted in the deaths and injuries of thousands of combatants. More than 600 British officers and soldiers reportedly died at Chillianwala and their remains lie entombed in its war cemetary which, luckily, still stands to this day and was the highlight of our visit.
Stories of great personal courage, of desperate infantry advances and cavalry charges in the face of heavy canon fire, and military incompetence, are associated with the Battle of Chillianwala. Both the British and the Sikhs, who ruled over Punjab at the time, claimed victory, though technically the battle was a stalemate. One month later, at the battle of Gujrat, the British army decisively defeated the Sikhs, resulting in the subsequent annexation of Punjab by the British Empire.
The Muslim population of this city supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in Mandi Bahauddin District. Chillianwala is one of the largest villages in Pakistan. Before 1992, it was part of District Gujrat, but now a part of Mandi Bahauddin. Chillianwala is culturally very rich and demands to preserve the heritage. The Battle of Chillianwala fought in this region.
Battle of Chillianwala Monument
Present Information about Village
- Its a famous village belonging to Gujjar family because 70 % of the total population is only Gujjar.
- Population of Chillianwala village and Chillianwala Station is about 100,000 persons.
- I think, the Village is pronounced with a name called “Chillian”. Chillan and Mojian are two famous brothers of one family.
- Now the Mojianwala is located next to the east side of Chillianwala.
- The cast of founder was Gujjar.
- People of the village : Very nice and hospitable.The Chillianwala is well cultivated area.
- Source of income : Farmer, Industry, Govt. & Private Job and many families live abroad
Chak Mamouri is located in its south, Kot Baloch is located in its west, Rasul is located in its north and in its east there is a village naming Maujianwala.
DARBAAR at Chillianwala
The major cast of the person is Gujjar, Shah and Mohajir.