Sheikhupura (Urdu: شَيخُوپُورہ) (Punjabi: شیخاپورا) an industrial city and capital of Sheikhupura District in the province of Punjab about 35 km northwest of Lahore in Pakistan. It is known for its historical places, and is commonly known locally as Qila Sheikhupura, because of the fort in the city, constructed by the Mughal EmperorJahangir. The name Sheikhupura is derived from a nickname of Jahangir, who was known as Sheikhu by his fatherAkbar the Great. The city is the headquarters of Sheikhupura District.
The history of Sheikhupura goes back to 100 BC. Historical research has established the fact that Sangla or Sakala was the capital of Punjab once, and it was here that Alexander the Great of Macedonia (known locally as Sikandar e Azam) fought one of his most serious battles of his career. Its name is spoken of, firstly in the pages of Tuzk-e-Jahangiri as Jahangirpura, after the name of Prince Salim Nur u Din Muhammad Jahangir.The fourth Mughal emperor of India named Jahangir changed the name of the city from Virkgarh to Sheikhupura. This area belongs to the Virk Jats.
Mughal Emperor Nor-u-Din Muhammad [Jahangir]] renamed Virkgarh to his nickname of Sheikhu. In 1607, Sheikhupura fort was constructed following an order of Jahangir. The father of Jahangir, Emperor Jalal-uddin Mohammad Akbar used to call him Sheikhu (a nickname).
During the reign of Emperor Jahangir (1605 to 1627), Sheikhupura had the status of royal hunting ground. In Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, Jahangir wrote during the events in 1607.
Mughal Emperor Jahangir granted the estate of Sheikhupura to Syed Usman, the father of Shah Bilal, a religious preceptor of the line of Qadiriyyah.
Over the whole district, the period between the decline of the Mughal Empire after the death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and the rise of Sikh confederacies was one of utter confusion and anarchy. The successive shocks of invasion from the northwest, and the devastation caused again and again by the invading armies ofNadir Shah.
Nader Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali (1724–1773) almost completely ruined the prosperity of the tract. After the death of Aurangazeb, Muslim power declined and the Sikhs who occupied the region and ruled through various misls or small to medium sized groups. Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali led raids that further weakened local Muslim rule. Several raids were made by the Bhangi Sardars, a Sikh community. Around 1780, Ranjit Singh, a Sikh ruler defeated the grandson of Ahmad Shah Abdali and later occupied this district. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. The Sikhs were defeated by the British around 1850 and it stayed under British rule until 1947.
In 1851, Sheikhupura Tehsil became part of Gujranwala District. The Artimapal Secretary Chief Commissioner Lahore wrote a letter to the Department of Wealth in 1855 to combine the Sheikhupura Tehsil with the Lahore District but it was never done. As soon as it became a District Zillah in 1919, a lot of lawyers came to practice. Under Sir Ganga Ram, district courts and hospitals were constructed in the city.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindu and Sikhpopulation migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Sheikhupura district.
Content from: wikipedia